Stay away from stray dogs
Rabid dog
Rabies
K9 Training
"The Dog Training
Professionals"
(Hydrophobia)

Rabies is real!

2008
6,841 cases of rabies in animals and 2 human cases
2009
6,690 cases of rabies in animals and 4 human cases
2010
Unable yet to secure data from CDC, but expected to be in general area of 2009 figures

Rabies
Rabies is a disease that is transmissible from creature to human animal (zoonotic).
Rabies can affect all mammals.
Commonly rabies is found in carnivores (meat-eating animals) and bats.

The word rabies is Latin, "meaning to rage."
The classic image of a rabid animal is one that is frothing,
and attacks anything and everything.
This is a stage called "furious rabies."
But there are three possible stages Rabies could take.
What is lesser known is a stage of rabies called "dumb rabies."
This is where the mammal appears sedate,
and the signs seen are one of drooling and varying degrees of paralysis.

This leads what should be a wild animal  who appears "tame"
or a nocturnal (night time) animal who is calmly
approaching other mammals during the day.
Especially dangerous to children
and adults who have not learned to
leave wild animals or unknown
domestic ones alone no matter what.

Rabies Virus
Commonly the rabies virus is spread through bite wounds.
The virus lives in the saliva,
and is passed into the tissues of the host after being bitten.
The virus can also be spread by saliva in an open wound,
splashed in an eye, or other mucous membrane, such as the mouth and nose.

Another method of transmission is breathing in infected droplets.
This can happen in a enclosed area of infected bats.
Any exposure or contact with a bat should be reported to your physician for discussion immediately.

Virus Cycle
The time between bite and showing signs is variable and can be prolonged.
After the bite, the bullet-shaped virus travels up the
nerves to the spinal cord, then the brain.
A bite on the upper extremities will usually produce symptoms quicker than a bite on th legs or feet.
Time of bite to symptoms can vary greatly - from days to several months.

There are 3 possible stages of rabies infection:

Prodromal period
1 to 3 days after the virus reaches the brain.
Neurologic symptoms that manifest rapidly.
Some mammals may appear tame, some will drool more.
Death usually follows within 10 days due to paralysis.

Excitative stage
2 to 3 days into the infection it
becomes the"furious rabies" stage
Docile animals suddenly become vicious,
attacking mammals where ever they find them.
Some animals will chew and scratch
strange objects (rocks, branches, etc.).
Paralysis beginning, they lose the ability to
swallow that will cause frothing at the mouth.

Paralytic stage
This often  follows the excitation stage, or is the main clinical presentation for some animals.
The throat and chewing muscles are paralyzed,
and the animal is unable to swallow, causing excessive drool or frothing.
The lower jaw often begins to hang open.
Some human animals exposed at this time thinking their  
domestic animals such as cows or horses  are choking and
can be a misdiagnoses, causing human animals to be exposed as they investigate.
Same with dogs who appear to be choking (drooling and dropped jaw).
This is also the time when wildlife appear tame to human animals
and night time creatures appear in daylight.
The paralysis progresses from the neck and jaw to all areas of the body,
and  the mammal falls into a coma, death is within a few hours.

Diagnosing Rabies
It is difficult to diagnose rabies solely on symptoms,
since they can be confused with other diseases, behavior aggression, or toxc exposure.
The preferred way to diagnose rabies is to examine brain tissue.
Although to do this, the deceased mammal's head must be sent to the
lab for examination of the brain tissue itself.
There are tests available to diagnose rabies in human
animals with out cutting out brain tissue utilizing other tissues.

For those who are vaccinated against rabies
(all mammals)
there are (blood) tests that measure antibodies
to rabies produced when vaccinated against rabies.
They only test immunity and level of protection after vaccination,
it is not to diagnose clinical cases of rabies.

Treatment for rabies?
No treatment exists for animals and humans showing clinical signs of rabies.
The fatality rate is considered 100% and the very rare one or two who
have survived suffered permanent effects from the infection.
However, because it takes a long time for the virus to
reach the spinal cord and brain (several days, weeks, or months),
there is time to get immunoglobin shots and post-exposure
vaccinations against rabies to offer protection.
All bite wounds  from unknown animals scratches etc must
be treated as a exposure to rabies until proven otherwise.

Protecting yourself and your pets?
Vaccination of domestic animals is a must to protect against this disease.
In high-risk areas, wildlife specialists have also vaccinated wildlife to
reduce human and pet exposures. Some exotic species are excepted,
your veterinarian will know your specific animal and what precautions you should take.
High risk workers, such as veterinary staff,
animal control officers and others should also be vaccinated,











Do Not Approach Wild Animals Or Domestic Animals You Do Not Know!
OK I'll say it one more time
Do Not Approach Wild Animals Or Domestic Animals You Do Not Know!
Especially night animals that are wandering in broad daylight or wild animals that appear "tame."
If you see an animal such as this call Animal Control or your local police department.
This is to insure the animal does not wander off to bite someone else perhaps a child or neighbors dog.
And one last thing as mentioned above
All bite wounds  from unknown animals, scratches, etc must
be treated as an exposure to rabies until proven otherwise.
This can save your life or someones else's life go to the hospital immediately

Thank You
John A Sampson I
K9 Training
K9Intl@K9Training.us
989-662-6230
00 + 1 + 989-662-6230 International
Rabies Virus
Raccoons are high transmiters
Insure proper vaccination
Vacines are advailable for all mammals
Rabies causes aggressive behavior in some mammals
Rabies can strike anywheres
Do not approach wild animals
all strays have the potential of being rabies carriers
Bats are excellant transmiters of Rabies
Strays are sources of infection